The lakes and water bodies of India are directly influenced by a number of legal and regulatory frameworks. The acts that directly concern water pollution (both surface and underground) are the Water Act (1974), the Water Cess Act (1977 and1988), and the Environment (Protection) Act or EPA (1986).
The Andhra government’s ‘Water, Land, Trees Act’ empowers state agencies to take steps to protect water bodies and to prevent conversion. The act also requires measures to permanently demarcate the boundaries of the water bodies and to “evict and prevent encroachments
The Andhra Pradesh Regularisation of the Unauthorised Constructions in Municipal Corporations, Municipalities and Urban Development Authorities Act, 2003 denies regularisation of unauthorised constructions on lakes and tank beds
The Wetlands (Management and Conservation) Rules, 2010 issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) exclusively for the protection of urban water bodies including lakes, reservoirs, and tanks- man made or artificial. The legislation bans prohibited activities which includes conversion of wetlands for other uses, setting up and expanding industries and dumping untreated waste water and any other activity that will have negative impact on the water bodies.
The National Lake Conservation Programme developed in 2001 focuses on the development of the national level policies and actions for the urban lakes. The main objectives of the programme includes prevention of pollution of the waterbody from the point and non point sources, catchment treatment, desilting and de-weedingg of the waterbodies, research of the flora and fauna related to the waterbody and also other activities related to the lake. The policy also takes care of the interaction of the human population and the lake.
Under the NLCP, the Central and State governments share the costs in the ratio of 70:30